Correct way to convert size in bytes to KB, MB, GB

05/18/2020 22:00:02

I got this code to covert size in bytes via PHP.

Now I want to convert those sizes to human readable sizes using JavaScript. I tried to convert this code to JavaScript, which looks like this:

function formatSizeUnits(bytes){
  if      (bytes >= 1073741824) { bytes = (bytes / 1073741824).toFixed(2) + " GB"; }
  else if (bytes >= 1048576)    { bytes = (bytes / 1048576).toFixed(2) + " MB"; }
  else if (bytes >= 1024)       { bytes = (bytes / 1024).toFixed(2) + " KB"; }
  else if (bytes > 1)           { bytes = bytes + " bytes"; }
  else if (bytes == 1)          { bytes = bytes + " byte"; }
  else                          { bytes = "0 bytes"; }
  return bytes;
}

Is this the correct way of doing this? Is there an easier way?

Verified Answer (746 Votes)

09/06/2013 10:53:36

From this: (source)

function bytesToSize(bytes) {
   var sizes = ['Bytes', 'KB', 'MB', 'GB', 'TB'];
   if (bytes == 0) return '0 Byte';
   var i = parseInt(Math.floor(Math.log(bytes) / Math.log(1024)));
   return Math.round(bytes / Math.pow(1024, i), 2) + ' ' + sizes[i];
}

Note : This is original code, Please use fixed version below. Aliceljm does not active her copied code anymore


Now, Fixed version unminified, and ES6'ed: (by community)

function formatBytes(bytes, decimals = 2) {
    if (bytes === 0) return '0 Bytes';

    const k = 1024;
    const dm = decimals < 0 ? 0 : decimals;
    const sizes = ['Bytes', 'KB', 'MB', 'GB', 'TB', 'PB', 'EB', 'ZB', 'YB'];

    const i = Math.floor(Math.log(bytes) / Math.log(k));

    return parseFloat((bytes / Math.pow(k, i)).toFixed(dm)) + ' ' + sizes[i];
}

Now, Fixed version : (by Stackoverflow's community, + Minified by JSCompress)

function formatBytes(a,b=2){if(0===a)return"0 Bytes";const c=0>b?0:b,d=Math.floor(Math.log(a)/Math.log(1024));return parseFloat((a/Math.pow(1024,d)).toFixed(c))+" "+["Bytes","KB","MB","GB","TB","PB","EB","ZB","YB"][d]}

Usage :

// formatBytes(bytes,decimals)

formatBytes(1024);       // 1 KB
formatBytes('1024');     // 1 KB
formatBytes(1234);       // 1.21 KB
formatBytes(1234, 3);    // 1.205 KB

Demo / source :

function formatBytes(bytes, decimals = 2) {
    if (bytes === 0) return '0 Bytes';

    const k = 1024;
    const dm = decimals < 0 ? 0 : decimals;
    const sizes = ['Bytes', 'KB', 'MB', 'GB', 'TB', 'PB', 'EB', 'ZB', 'YB'];

    const i = Math.floor(Math.log(bytes) / Math.log(k));

    return parseFloat((bytes / Math.pow(k, i)).toFixed(dm)) + ' ' + sizes[i];
}

// ** Demo code **
var p = document.querySelector('p'),
    input = document.querySelector('input');
    
function setText(v){
    p.innerHTML = formatBytes(v);
}
// bind 'input' event
input.addEventListener('input', function(){ 
    setText( this.value )
})
// set initial text
setText(input.value);
<input type="text" value="1000">
<p></p>

PS : Change k = 1000 or sizes = ["..."] as you want (bits or bytes)

746

Answer #2 (47 Votes)

05/13/2014 12:41:27
function formatBytes(bytes) {
    var marker = 1024; // Change to 1000 if required
    var decimal = 3; // Change as required
    var kiloBytes = marker; // One Kilobyte is 1024 bytes
    var megaBytes = marker * marker; // One MB is 1024 KB
    var gigaBytes = marker * marker * marker; // One GB is 1024 MB
    var teraBytes = marker * marker * marker * marker; // One TB is 1024 GB

    // return bytes if less than a KB
    if(bytes < kiloBytes) return bytes + " Bytes";
    // return KB if less than a MB
    else if(bytes < megaBytes) return(bytes / kiloBytes).toFixed(decimal) + " KB";
    // return MB if less than a GB
    else if(bytes < gigaBytes) return(bytes / megaBytes).toFixed(decimal) + " MB";
    // return GB if less than a TB
    else return(bytes / gigaBytes).toFixed(decimal) + " GB";
}
47

Answer #3 (34 Votes)

10/07/2016 03:22:42
const units = ['bytes', 'KB', 'MB', 'GB', 'TB', 'PB', 'EB', 'ZB', 'YB'];

function niceBytes(x){

  let l = 0, n = parseInt(x, 10) || 0;

  while(n >= 1024 && ++l){
      n = n/1024;
  }
  //include a decimal point and a tenths-place digit if presenting 
  //less than ten of KB or greater units
  return(n.toFixed(n < 10 && l > 0 ? 1 : 0) + ' ' + units[l]);
}

Results:

niceBytes(435)                 // 435 bytes
niceBytes(3398)                // 3.3 KB
niceBytes(490398)              // 479 KB
niceBytes(6544528)             // 6.2 MB
niceBytes(23483023)            // 22 MB
niceBytes(3984578493)          // 3.7 GB
niceBytes(30498505889)         // 28 GB
niceBytes(9485039485039445)    // 8.4 PB
34
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