HTTP GET request?

04/05/2020 03:00:01

I need to do an HTTP GET request in JavaScript. What's the best way to do that?

I need to do this in a Mac OS X dashcode widget.

Verified Answer (1188 Votes)

10/27/2010 17:43:51

Browsers (and Dashcode) provide an XMLHttpRequest object which can be used to make HTTP requests from JavaScript:

function httpGet(theUrl)
{
    var xmlHttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
    xmlHttp.open( "GET", theUrl, false ); // false for synchronous request
    xmlHttp.send( null );
    return xmlHttp.responseText;
}

However, synchronous requests are discouraged and will generate a warning along the lines of:

Note: Starting with Gecko 30.0 (Firefox 30.0 / Thunderbird 30.0 / SeaMonkey 2.27), synchronous requests on the main thread have been deprecated due to the negative effects to the user experience.

You should make an asynchronous request and handle the response inside an event handler.

function httpGetAsync(theUrl, callback)
{
    var xmlHttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
    xmlHttp.onreadystatechange = function() { 
        if (xmlHttp.readyState == 4 && xmlHttp.status == 200)
            callback(xmlHttp.responseText);
    }
    xmlHttp.open("GET", theUrl, true); // true for asynchronous 
    xmlHttp.send(null);
}
1188

Answer #2 (189 Votes)

10/29/2008 22:38:26

In jQuery:

$.get(
    "somepage.php",
    {paramOne : 1, paramX : 'abc'},
    function(data) {
       alert('page content: ' + data);
    }
);
189

Answer #3 (152 Votes)

02/27/2014 23:03:11

Lots of great advice above, but not very reusable, and too often filled with DOM nonsense and other fluff that hides the easy code.

Here's a Javascript class we created that's reusable and easy to use. Currently it only has a GET method, but that works for us. Adding a POST shouldn't tax anyone's skills.

var HttpClient = function() {
    this.get = function(aUrl, aCallback) {
        var anHttpRequest = new XMLHttpRequest();
        anHttpRequest.onreadystatechange = function() { 
            if (anHttpRequest.readyState == 4 && anHttpRequest.status == 200)
                aCallback(anHttpRequest.responseText);
        }

        anHttpRequest.open( "GET", aUrl, true );            
        anHttpRequest.send( null );
    }
}

Using it is as easy as:

var client = new HttpClient();
client.get('http://some/thing?with=arguments', function(response) {
    // do something with response
});
152
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