Parse query string

05/01/2020 05:00:01

I need to parse the query string www.mysite.com/default.aspx?dest=aboutus.aspx. How do I get the dest variable in JavaScript?

Answer #1 (336 Votes)

01/19/2010 10:34:51

Here is a fast and easy way of parsing query strings in JavaScript:

function getQueryVariable(variable) {
    var query = window.location.search.substring(1);
    var vars = query.split('&');
    for (var i = 0; i < vars.length; i++) {
        var pair = vars[i].split('=');
        if (decodeURIComponent(pair[0]) == variable) {
            return decodeURIComponent(pair[1]);
        }
    }
    console.log('Query variable %s not found', variable);
}

Now make a request to page.html?x=Hello:

console.log(getQueryVariable('x'));
336

Answer #2 (165 Votes)

11/16/2012 20:15:32
function parseQuery(queryString) {
    var query = {};
    var pairs = (queryString[0] === '?' ? queryString.substr(1) : queryString).split('&');
    for (var i = 0; i < pairs.length; i++) {
        var pair = pairs[i].split('=');
        query[decodeURIComponent(pair[0])] = decodeURIComponent(pair[1] || '');
    }
    return query;
}

Turns query string like hello=1&another=2 into object {hello: 1, another: 2}. From there, it's easy to extract the variable you need.

That said, it does not deal with array cases such as "hello=1&hello=2&hello=3". To work with this, you must check whether a property of the object you make exists before adding to it, and turn the value of it into an array, pushing any additional bits.

165
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