How to validate an Email?

04/11/2020 13:30:02

How can I validate the input value is a valid email address using php5. Now I am using this code

function isValidEmail($email){ 
     $pattern = "^[_a-z0-9-]+(\.[_a-z0-9-]+)*@[a-z0-9-]+(\.[a-z0-9-]+)*(\.[a-z]{2,3})$"; 

     if (eregi($pattern, $email)){ 
        return true; 
     } 
     else { 
        return false; 
     }    
} 

but it shows deprecated error. How can I fix this issue. Please help me.

Verified Answer (272 Votes)

05/02/2011 15:05:41

You can use the filter_var() function, which gives you a lot of handy validation and sanitization options.

filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL)

If you don't want to change your code that relied on your function, just do:

function isValidEmail($email){ 
    return filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL) !== false;
}

Note: For other uses (where you need Regex), the deprecated ereg function family (POSIX Regex Functions) should be replaced by the preg family (PCRE Regex Functions). There are a small amount of differences, reading the Manual should suffice.

Update 1: As pointed out by @binaryLV:

PHP 5.3.3 and 5.2.14 had a bug related to FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL, which resulted in segfault when validating large values. Simple and safe workaround for this is using strlen() before filter_var(). I'm not sure about 5.3.4 final, but it is written that some 5.3.4-snapshot versions also were affected.

This bug has already been fixed.

Update 2: This method will of course validate [email protected] as a valid email address, because in fact it is a valid email address. But most of the time on the Internet, you also want the email address to have a TLD: [email protected]. As suggested in this blog post (link posted by @Istiaque Ahmed), you can augment filter_var() with a regex that will check for the existence of a dot in the domain part (will not check for a valid TLD though):

function isValidEmail($email) {
    return filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL) 
        && preg_match('/@.+\./', $email);
}

As @Eliseo Ocampos pointed out, this problem only exists before PHP 5.3, in that version they changed the regex and now it does this check, so you do not have to.

272

Answer #2 (9 Votes)

05/02/2011 15:10:37

See the notes at http://www.php.net/manual/en/function.ereg.php:

Note:

As of PHP 5.3.0, the regex extension is deprecated in favor of the PCRE extension. Calling this function will issue an E_DEPRECATED notice. See the list of differences for help on converting to PCRE.

Note:

preg_match(), which uses a Perl-compatible regular expression syntax, is often a faster alternative to ereg().

9

Answer #3 (3 Votes)

02/12/2016 15:12:25

I always use this:

function validEmail($email){
    // First, we check that there's one @ symbol, and that the lengths are right
    if (!preg_match("/^[^@]{1,64}@[^@]{1,255}$/", $email)) {
        // Email invalid because wrong number of characters in one section, or wrong number of @ symbols.
        return false;
    }
    // Split it into sections to make life easier
    $email_array = explode("@", $email);
    $local_array = explode(".", $email_array[0]);
    for ($i = 0; $i < sizeof($local_array); $i++) {
        if (!preg_match("/^(([A-Za-z0-9!#$%&'*+\/=?^_`{|}~-][A-Za-z0-9!#$%&'*+\/=?^_`{|}~\.-]{0,63})|(\"[^(\\|\")]{0,62}\"))$/", $local_array[$i])) {
            return false;
        }
    }
    if (!preg_match("/^\[?[0-9\.]+\]?$/", $email_array[1])) { // Check if domain is IP. If not, it should be valid domain name
        $domain_array = explode(".", $email_array[1]);
        if (sizeof($domain_array) < 2) {
            return false; // Not enough parts to domain
        }
        for ($i = 0; $i < sizeof($domain_array); $i++) {
            if (!preg_match("/^(([A-Za-z0-9][A-Za-z0-9-]{0,61}[A-Za-z0-9])|([A-Za-z0-9]+))$/", $domain_array[$i])) {
                return false;
            }
        }
    }

    return true;
}
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