in_array() and multidimensional array

03/27/2020 02:00:02

I use in_array() to check whether a value exists in an array like below,

$a = array("Mac", "NT", "Irix", "Linux");
if (in_array("Irix", $a)) 
{
    echo "Got Irix";
}

//print_r($a);

but what about an multidimensional array (below) - how can I check that value whether it exists in the multi-array?

$b = array(array("Mac", "NT"), array("Irix", "Linux"));

print_r($b);

or I shouldn't be using in_array() when comes to the multidimensional array?

Verified Answer (466 Votes)

11/09/2010 02:45:31

in_array() does not work on multidimensional arrays. You could write a recursive function to do that for you:

function in_array_r($needle, $haystack, $strict = false) {
    foreach ($haystack as $item) {
        if (($strict ? $item === $needle : $item == $needle) || (is_array($item) && in_array_r($needle, $item, $strict))) {
            return true;
        }
    }

    return false;
}

Usage:

$b = array(array("Mac", "NT"), array("Irix", "Linux"));
echo in_array_r("Irix", $b) ? 'found' : 'not found';
466

Answer #2 (54 Votes)

12/16/2013 23:35:01

This will work too.

function in_array_r($item , $array){
    return preg_match('/"'.preg_quote($item, '/').'"/i' , json_encode($array));
}

Usage:

if(in_array_r($item , $array)){
    // found!
}
54

Answer #3 (54 Votes)

11/06/2015 11:36:36

If you know which column to search against, you can use array_search() and array_column():

$userdb = Array
(
    (0) => Array
        (
            ('uid') => '100',
            ('name') => 'Sandra Shush',
            ('url') => 'urlof100'
        ),

    (1) => Array
        (
            ('uid') => '5465',
            ('name') => 'Stefanie Mcmohn',
            ('url') => 'urlof5465'
        ),

    (2) => Array
        (
            ('uid') => '40489',
            ('name') => 'Michael',
            ('url') => 'urlof40489'
        )
);

if(array_search('urlof5465', array_column($userdb, 'url')) !== false) {
    echo 'value is in multidim array';
}
else {
    echo 'value is not in multidim array';
}

This idea is in the comments section for array_search() on the PHP manual;

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