PHP XML how to output nice format

05/06/2020 07:00:01

Here are the codes:

$doc = new DomDocument('1.0');
// create root node
$root = $doc->createElement('root');
$root = $doc->appendChild($root);
$signed_values = array('a' => 'eee', 'b' => 'sd', 'c' => 'df');
// process one row at a time
foreach ($signed_values as $key => $val) {
    // add node for each row
    $occ = $doc->createElement('error');
    $occ = $root->appendChild($occ);
    // add a child node for each field
    foreach ($signed_values as $fieldname => $fieldvalue) {
        $child = $doc->createElement($fieldname);
        $child = $occ->appendChild($child);
        $value = $doc->createTextNode($fieldvalue);
        $value = $child->appendChild($value);
// get completed xml document
$xml_string = $doc->saveXML() ;
echo $xml_string;

If I print it in the browser I don't get nice XML structure like

<xml> \n tab <child> etc.

I just get


And I want to be utf-8 How is this all possible to do?

Verified Answer (100 Votes)

12/23/2011 16:24:39

You can try to do this:

// get completed xml document
$doc->preserveWhiteSpace = false;
$doc->formatOutput = true;
$xml_string = $doc->saveXML();
echo $xml_string;

You can make set these parameter right after you've created the DOMDocument as well:

$doc = new DomDocument('1.0');
$doc->preserveWhiteSpace = false;
$doc->formatOutput = true;

That's probably more concise. Output in both cases is (Demo):

<?xml version="1.0"?>

I'm not aware how to change the indentation character(s) with DOMDocument. You could post-process the XML with a line-by-line regular-expression based replacing (e.g. with preg_replace):

$xml_string = preg_replace('/(?:^|\G)  /um', "\t", $xml_string);

Alternatively, there is the tidy extension with tidy_repair_string which can pretty print XML data as well. It's possible to specify indentation levels with it, however tidy will never output tabs.

tidy_repair_string($xml_string, ['input-xml'=> 1, 'indent' => 1, 'wrap' => 0]);

Answer #2 (32 Votes)

07/30/2013 18:47:34

With a SimpleXml object, you can simply

$domxml = new DOMDocument('1.0');
$domxml->preserveWhiteSpace = false;
$domxml->formatOutput = true;
/* @var $xml SimpleXMLElement */

$xml is your simplexml object

So then you simpleXml can be saved as a new file specified by $newfile


Answer #3 (17 Votes)

01/11/2016 15:43:22

$xml = $argv[1];

$dom = new DOMDocument();

// Initial block (must before load xml string)
$dom->preserveWhiteSpace = false;
$dom->formatOutput = true;
// End initial block

$out = $dom->saveXML();

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